Diabetes — Type 1 vs Type 2

Diabetes Type 1 vs Type 2

Just been diagnosed with diabetes and feel you’ve been given the death sentence? Remember that a disease can sound a lot more serious when you don’t have a clear understanding about it. 

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that is caused either by the non-production of insulin or the body not responding to the insulin produced by it. This leads to the rise and accumulation of glucose in the blood which is then passed out of the body through urination.
It’s essential to understand that there are two kinds of diabetes – Type 1 and Type 2. They affect the body differently and have different treatments as well.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that causes the destruction of the beta cells present within the pancreas which produces insulin. Simply put, any person who is suffering from this disease does not have the ability to produce insulin at all. It is normally seen in patients who are below the age of 40 years, and it usually gets detected in adolescents and young adults.

People who suffer from Type 1 diabetes have to take insulin regularly for their day-to-day activities and survival. This means you will either have to learn how to monitor an insulin injection yourself or get one of your family members to do it. Today, you can also buy insulin inhalers which are far more convenient to use, though slightly more expensive.

Let us first eliminate the misconceptions that many people attach to Type 1 diabetes. No – it does not affect people with a particular body structure or a poor diet. Also, unlike Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 is not more commonly seen in overweight or underweight people with a hectic lifestyle that makes no space for exercise. In fact, more often than not, Type 1 is a disease passed through the genes and usually shows no early symptoms until it has been diagnosed in a patient.

If your child or you have been detected with Type 1 diabetes, no amount of medication or controlled diet will prevent the disease or cure the symptoms. To put it simply, since the body is not manufacturing insulin at all, no kind of dietary supplement or medication can reverse the condition. Daily ingestion of insulin is the only cure.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes is the more commonly seen form which affects adults over 30 years of age. Researchers have found that being overweight with no physical exertion adds the risk of Type 2 diabetes in a patient who is susceptible to the disease.

Let us see who amongst us is more susceptible to  Type 2 diabetes.

• People who fall in the category of overweight on checking their BMI with a daily ingestion of refined flours and refined sugars.
• People who have diabetes running in the family – that is, either of the parents and other family members suffer from it.
• Women who have been diagnosed with PCOS as it increases insulin resistance in the body, which when left untreated can lead to Type 2 diabetes.

However, here’s the saving grace. If you’ve been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, you don’t need to start worrying about insulin injections and insulin inhalers right away. This type allows you to make amends in other ways. Feeling better? Patients suffering from Type 2 diabetes can strictly control their diet by eliminating all simple carbohydrates, refined sugars and flours — and even fruits that are too sweet. Also, medications are a must which brings your blood sugar levels down to normal. Make sure you follow all advice given by your doctor and also buy a blood sugar monitoring kit to ensure that your Type 2 diabetes stays in control.