Gastritis Symptoms: Don’t let your stomach turn on you


History of Gastritis

Gastritis was first recorded as an ailment in 1849 London when Thomas Addison identified pernicious anemia (PA). This led to the identification of gastric mucosal defect and a gastric-secreted intrinsic influence that characterized anemia.

Although acute research in gastritis dates back to early 20th century, its aspects of classification, biological understanding and repercussions, as we know them today, were known as far back as 1982 when Robin Warren and Barry Marshall discovered the Helicobacter Pylori bacterium, one of the many causes of gastritis.

It was the discovery of this bacterium that led to the establishment of the fact that gastritis’ commonest form was nothing more than an infectious malady.

Defining Gastritis

Gastritis is an infective illness that causes the stomach lining to inflame or erode, often causing stomach irritation. It may be acute or chronic, either remaining for a short period of time or extending for months to years.

It may be caused due to excessive drinking, stress, chronic vomiting, extended use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), post-surgery or infection with Helicobacter Pylori bacteria.

Symptoms of Gastritis

Gastritis may be symptomatic in some people and may be asymptomatic in others, with varying symptoms in those who do show any warning signs at all. If you observe the following symptoms of gastritis for over a week, you must consult a doctor at the earliest:

Nausea and Vomiting

The feeling of nausea is the most common symptom to a number of ailments. Likewise, an unexplained feeling of nausea followed by vomiting may be indicative of gastritis. Look for other gastritis symptoms in combination to nausea to ascertain gastritis.

Recurrent upset stomach

Everyone experiences turns of upset stomach for numerous reasons, but they are often benign and do not require immediate medical attention. But if your diarrhoea is recurrent in nature for no apparent reason, it could be a symptom of gastritis.

Abdominal bloating and abdominal pain

The recurrent bouts of diarrhoea rip the abdominal walls of comfort and initiate bloating and abdominal pain. If you notice any of these two symptoms in combination with others, it could be symptomatic of gastritis.

Stomach burn

If you notice a burning pain and a gnawing feeling in your stomach, particularly between meals or at night and that which either worsens or becomes better after eating, then it may well be a gastritis symptom.

Symptoms of Gastritis
Fig: Early detection of gastritis symptoms implies better treatment


Unexplained occurrence of sudden, prolonged hiccups that do not die down with merely a sip of water indicates symptoms of gastritis.

Loss of appetite

Upset stomach and vomiting combined with a loss of appetite or the feeling of being full soon after you eat a bite or two is symptomatic of gastritis.

Blood vomiting 

If your vomiting is not just plain food-vomiting and has blood or ground coffee-like granules in it, it could be a serious indication of gastritis.

Black stool

Dark or black coloured stools may be caused due to what you ate the previous day. But if you are suddenly passing black, tarry stools with a foul smell, it may be that you are suffering from gastritis.

Other Severe Symptoms

Besides the above mentioned symptoms, if you notice the occurrence of any of the following symptoms, you must consult a doctor immediately:

  • Bowel is bloody, dark, sticky and extremely foul smelling
  • Rapid heart beat
  • Sweating and paleness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Unbearably severe stomach ache
  • Vomiting pool of blood