How To Include Fiber In Your Diet

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The importance of including fiber in daily diet is unquestionable. There are various foods you can consume to include fiber in your diet. Let's have a look!

You may have commonly heard the following in favor of fiber –

‘one should include fiber in their diet’
‘eating fiber rich diet is good for your digestive system’
‘this food is a great source of fiber’.

Among all this discussion, have you ever thought that what actually is dietary fiber? And what are some of the most effective ways to include fiber in your diet? 

What Is Fiber? 

Dietary fiber is a plant based nutrient. It is also known as roughage or bulk. It is a type of carbohydrate, but unlike other carbs, fiber cannot be broken down into digestible sugar molecules. It passes through the digestive system as it is and does a lot of work while passing through. Since it is a plant based nutrient, fiber is found only in fruits, vegetables, and grains. 

Recommended daily fiber intake –
· Women – 25g
· Men – 35 - 40g 
Fiber can be put in two categories – soluble fiber and insoluble fiber. Both these types have their own benefits and are needed by the body.
How To Include Fiber In Your Diet

Image Source – Mother Nature Network


Soluble fiber 

Uses -
  • Decreasing blood glucose levels 
  • Lowering cholesterol 
Fiber sources –
  • Beans 
  • Lentils 
  • Oatmeal 
  • Citrus fruits 
  • Barley 
  • Blueberries 
  • Peas 
  • Apple 
 

Insoluble fiber 

Uses –
  • Speeding up passage of food through the digestive system 
  • Prevents constipation 

Good Sources –
  • Whole wheat flour
  • Wheat bran
  • Brown rice 
  • Cauliflower 
  • Cucumber 
  • Tomatoes 
  • Potatoes 

Foods like nuts and carrots have both soluble as well as the insoluble type of fiber. 

Benefits of fiber 
Getting enough fiber from natural sources instead of supplements will do a greater good for your overall health. Some of the main health benefits of fiber include –
  • Helps regulate bowel movement 
  • Aids in improving digestion by increasing stool bulk and regularity 
  • Reduces cholesterol and triglycerides 
  • Strengthens colon walls 
  • Helps in managing blood glucose levels 
  • Aids in weight loss 
  • High dietary fiber intake may reduce the risk of total mortality 
  • Helps prevent food allergies 

Must Read - 10 Ways To Use Apple Cider Vinegar For Health

How To Include Fiber In Your Diet

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High Fiber Foods
The following foods are high in fiber. Include them in your diet and consume them regularly and they’ll be highly beneficial for your health.

FoodNutritional Value
Avocados10.5g fiber per cup 
Lentils10.4g fiber per cup (cooked)
Berries8g fiber per cup 
Peas8.6g fiber per cooked cup (mostly soluble fiber)
Coconut7.2g fiber per cup 
Quinoa5g fiber per 1 cup (cooked)
Figs14.6g fiber in 1 cup (dried figs)
Turnips4.8g fiber per ½ cup 
Pear5g fiber per medium sized fruit 
Okra8.2g fiber per cup 
Chickpeas8g fiber per cup 
Flax seeds3g fiber per tablespoon of whole flax seeds
Chia seeds 5.5g fiber per tablespoon
Beans12g fiber per cup

 

How to include more fiber in your diet 
Find some easy and effective ways to include more fiber in your diet. 

1. Choose whole grains over refined carb sources
Whole grain foods are a rich source of fiber. Whole grains retain the kernel’s fiber rich coating known as bran. This coating is not present when you eat refined carbohydrates like white bread or white rice.

Some healthy whole grain options include –
  • Barley, Rye, and Millet 
  • Oats and Oatmeal
  • Buckwheat 
  • Brown rice 
  • Whole wheat and Whole wheat couscous 
  • Quinoa 
 
The next time you go the supermarket, make sure to read the packet content to know the fiber content of a particular food item.
How To Include Fiber In Your Diet

Image Source: University of Aberdeen

2. Add fruit to your meal 
Adding fruit to your meal of the day is one of the easiest and most effective ways to add fiber to your diet. You can munch on it as a snack, add small pieces to your bowl of cereal, add it to smoothies, have fruits with dips, or have a bowl of fresh fruit salad. They are high on fiber and low on calories. A great way to manage your weight. The highest fiber content is in apples, prunes, berries, oranges, and pears. 

3. Give your body a boost of fiber 
Starting your day with a healthy hearty breakfast is a good idea. Why not give your body a boost of fiber right in the morning? 
  • Choose cereal made of whole grain
  • Replace white bread with whole wheat bread or multigrain bread 
  • Add berries to cereal 
  • Have a bowl of oats 
  • Enjoy whole wheat toast with sliced avocados 
      

 

Mid-meal munchies and snacks are something we all love. Most of them are unhealthy because they are full of fat and complex carbs. Replacing unhealthy options with healthy ones loaded with fiber will do a greater good for your system. You can pick –
  • Nachni chips and Whole grain crackers 
  • Digestive biscuits and Ragi biscuits 
  • Homemade trail mix 
  • Mixed nuts and Mixed seeds 
  • Low-fat popcorn and Granola bars 
How To Include Fiber In Your Diet

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4. Eat beans and legumes 
High fiber legumes and beans is an easy way to include fiber in your diet. You can add these to your soups and salads to give a healthy twist. You could also cook legumes with spices and have them with whole grain chapatti or brown rice. Puree them to make delicious and wholesome soups and casserole recipes. 

5. Top your smoothies with raspberries 
Berries of all kinds are high in fiber. You can add them to your salads, cereal, or even to your smoothies. Raspberries are a great fiber boosting food that you can add to your diet. They are lower in sugar content than most fruits making them a healthy solution to sweet cravings. Raspberries are also rich in antioxidants, thus, helping you combat free radical damage. 

6. Snack on veggies with dips 
Vegetables, when eaten on their own, can be boring. But when you eat them with delicious dips, it becomes a wholesome healthy meal. The next time you crave something crunchy and salty, replace chips with veggies and have them with hummus or hung curd dip. This is indeed a healthy and tasty way to include vegetables in your diet and get all the required dietary fiber. Hummus is loaded with soluble fiber and will help to lower your cholesterol levels. When paired with raw vegetables it will become a great source of fiber.
How To Include Fiber In Your Diet

Image Source – WatchFit

7. Snack on apple and peanut butter 
Crunchy fruits like apple and pear are the best way to satisfy your sweet cravings. They are high in fiber and low on calories. Nut butter and crunchy are a match made in heaven! 
For your evening snack, you can have a sliced apple with nut butter. Apples have a healthy dose of fiber type called pectin. It helps regulate your appetite well. Research shows those who snack on apples in between meals tend to consume fewer calories in the next meal. To balance the carbs in an apple you can have it with peanut butter. Cut thin slices of apple, smear peanut butter on them and enjoy! Peanut butter will add a healthy crunch and additional taste as well. It is also highs in protein. 

Some other useful tips 
  • Take it slow 
    Most people eat less than the recommended amount of fiber per day. Even then, making rapid changes in your diet is not suggested. Make sure you increase the fiber content in your diet gradually to prevent acidity, gas and bloating. It will also give your gut time to adjust to the new changes. 
  • Keep yourself hydrated 
    Drinking 2liters of water in a day is highly recommended. But when you eat a diet rich in fiber it becomes all the more important to keep your body hydrated. Fiber pulls water into the intestines. And without adequate hydration, fiber can aggravate constipation rather than reducing it. Try to drink eight glasses of water. 
Experts say one should not overwhelm your system with drastic changes. Also, make sure you don’t do too many changes at once. Go slow and one step at a time for most fruitful results. Eat healthy and aim at healthy living instead of being a particular size or weight.

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