food for elderly

Protein for Wound Healing in Elderly

Why do the Elderly Need a High-Protein Diet
Why Do We Need More Protein as We Age
How Much Protein Do Older People Need
Does Protein Help Injury Recovery
A Word from HealthKart

Do you think of athletes when you talk about a high-protein diet? Since they build muscle, bodybuilders require a lot of protein. However, protein is also helpful for the elderly. Proteins are essential for maintaining good health at all life stages. Protein is necessary for everyone, regardless of age or fitness level. It is required for the proper functioning of your body. In elderly, particularly, there’s a high requirement of protein for wound healing.

This blog examines the impact of protein in healing injury in elderly, as well as physical activity, in preserving muscle mass and strength in older persons, which is critical for staying agile and energetic. This nutrient is also necessary for recuperating from illness and regaining muscular tissue that has been lost. Protein intake combined with physical activity can help build the resilience required to deal with significant periods of inactivity that illness, accident, infection, or hospitalisation can cause.

Why do the Elderly Need a High-Protein Diet?

Protein is one of the most important nutrients in your body. It is required for the proper functioning of every cell of the human body, including:

  • Skin
  • Hair
  • Nails
  • Muscle
  • Bones
  • Internal organs

Protein is required for cell and body tissue regeneration, growth, and repair. It is required for the following tasks:

  • Helps you recover from your injuries
  • Maintains a healthy balance of fluids
  • Helps you get back on your feet after a surgery or sickness
  • Supports immune health 
  • Transports/stores nutrients vital for functions
  • Balances your hormones and digestive enzymes

Your body begins to break down muscle mass and bone strength if you don’t eat enough protein. According to research, elders have a harder time digesting protein than younger folks, thus their bodies may require extra protein to meet their requirements.

A high protein diet for wound healing can help you avoid losing muscle. You can get out of a chair, walk to the market, perform house chores, dance, or play with your grandkids if your bones and muscles are strong. 

It’s natural to shed muscle mass as we become older but a reduction in strength can also lead to a fall. You may be more prone to disease and injury as well. Elders aren’t eating sufficient protein for injury recovery, according to the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, with 6% of men over 71 and 4-6% of women over 50 not obtaining the required quantities.

Why Do We Need More Protein as We Age?

As we get older, our nutritional demands vary and one of those changes is that we need more protein. But why is that? Protein for injury recovery is particularly needed in the muscles that connect your bones. These muscles contain 30% of the body’s protein in lean, young individuals. In fact, muscle could account for up to half of their whole body weight (like those bodybuilders).

Muscle mass can deteriorate as you get older. On average, just 25% of one’s physique is constituted of muscle by the age of 75-80. The majority of the muscle is lost in the legs, resulting in weakness, and a fatigued and sore feeling when walking.

Aging depletes your reserves as well. When you’re young, you can get by on a low-nutrition diet because you have a reservoir of nutrients. You may have depleted your reserves by the time you reach 65. You can become weak and fragile as a result of a poor diet.

How Much Protein Do Older People Need?

Protein should account for 10-35 percent of your calories, according to the National Institute of Health. This indicates that if you consume 2000 calories per day, you will require 100 g of protein. In most cases, one ounce of a high-protein product contains 7 g of real protein.

According to new research, the recommended protein intakes for elderly persons may be too insufficient. For every kilogram of body weight, elders may require 1.0-1.3 g of protein. If you weigh 180 pounds, for instance, you should consume 80-104 g of protein per day, irrespective of your calorie consumption.

Does Protein Help Injury Recovery?

Protein is needed to repair the muscles and tissues as well as instrumental in fighting infection. Protein needs are higher during illness, inflammation, and infection, as well as after an accident. Malnourished elderly at risk of malnutrition due to (chronic) illness should consume 1.2 to 1.5 gram of protein per kilogram of body weight each day. People with severe illness or injury as well as those who are severely malnourished may require as much as 2.0 g/kg bodyweight per day.

Malnutrition caused by disease has a variety of implications, including poor immune response and wound healing, decreased respiratory and muscular strength, and slowed recovery with poor clinical results. Appetite may be affected and patients may fail to reach protein goals due to a lack of nutritious meals.

Muscle mass and strength loss after sickness, infection, or injury is linked to poorer medical outcomes and a higher risk of falls and injuries. Appropriate energy intake and increased protein for wound healing are the most crucial nutritional aspects for patients to improve their recovery. When elderly consume enough protein for injury recovery, it allows them to rebuild lost muscle mass and regain strength, helping them resume everyday activities and enhancing their quality of life.

A Word from HealthKart 

Protein for wound healing is a crucial dietary approach for the elderly who want to keep the muscle they need for good ageing and recovery from disease. It is critical to educate elderly people about the benefits of high-quality protein for injury recovery combined with physical exercises.

Must-Have Nutritious Food For Elderly

Age-Related Challenges For Diet Change
What Food Is Good For Old Age?
70-Year-Old Diet Plan
7 Superfoods For Elderly

Nutritional requirements indeed change from age to age. An older person, above 70 years, might need different nutrients, vitamins, and minerals than a young person. Therefore, as you grow older, your diet might change, keeping in mind your dietary requirements. However, we need to understand that nutritious food and a healthy life go hand in hand. Snacks and meals which might be great for you might not fit in the diet chart for old grandparents. This is because their dietary needs have changed, and they should consume food for senior citizens, which would provide them with proper nutrition to help their bodies.
However, eating right should not be complicated. It is just that there are a few food items that would qualify as being nutritious food for elderly; while some might be beneficial for you, they might not be for the senior citizens. This is because, with age, there are many challenges that people might face due to which they would have to change their eating habits.

Many challenges might come in the way of senior citizens due to which their nutritious food might not align with yours. Some of the challenges, why there should be a different category of nutritious food for old age could be –

  1. Poor Dental Health

As we grow older, we tend to lose out a tooth or two; in these cases, eating a raw apple won’t be the best option. Other than that, receding gums could also be a problem that could accompany jaw pain and mouth sores. These factors make chewing not that pleasant and uncomfortable, due to which there might be different nutritious snacks for elderly.

  1. Physical difficulties

Arthritis, knee pains, and other difficulties might make long standing hours of carrying groceries and cooking difficult for the elderly. This is a known fact that humans become weaker with age; therefore, this could be one of the reasons why there could be different food for senior citizens.

  1. Lack of Finances

Nutritious meals for elderly could be costly. Older people have super limited sources of income. Therefore, indulging in groceries might not be the best idea for them. This lifestyle can also cut down their nutritional requirements, and they could suffer from deficiencies,

  1. Illnesses

While we know that some nutrients can be the cure or prevention of a certain disease or illness. With age, there are some challenges, for which there could be different nutritious food for old age, which would help them keep these age-related illnesses and diseases at bay.

  1. Medicational Side Effects

Some medicines might cause nausea, while some could change the taste. Some can even reduce the appetite, therefore, side effects make you skip meals for which there must be different nutritious food for elderly, which will help them with a substantial amount of nutrients, even in fewer portions.

What Food Is Good For Old Age?

The reasons why you might be on the lookout for nutritious food for elderly can be plenty, and there are plenty of options available too. There is a different diet chart for old grandparents that would help them cope with their challenges and help them live a healthier life, keeping their diseases and illnesses at bay.

Older people should indulge in a balanced meal consisting of the right portions of carbohydrates, proteins, fruits and vegetables, and some fiber. 

Here are the different nutritious food for elderly – 

  1. Food rich in Calcium

Calcium helps with maintaining healthy bones and teeth, both of which are super essential in old age. Calcium also lowers blood pressure and helps with problems like arthritis and osteoporosis. 

What to include – Milk, cottage cheese, milk products, soy, almond milk

  1. Fibrous Food

As people get older, their digestive system slows down, hence, eating food that is rich in fiber benefits them deeply. Food rich in fiber should be included extensively in the diet chart for old grandparents. Food that is rich in fiber promotes digestion and also reduces the risk of heart diseases.

What to include – Whole Grain cereal, nuts, whole grain bread, brown rice, fruits and vegetables

  1. Food high in Omega-3

When curating a 70-year-old diet plan, it is imperative to add an ample amount of foods rich in fatty acids as these prevent inflammation, which can cause various diseases like cancer, rheumatoid, and heart diseases.

What to include – Tuna, sardines, flaxseeds, soybeans, canola oil and walnuts.

  1. Food rich in Iron

When talking about nutritious food for old age, you must know that iron is absolutely essential, when it comes to eating healthy with growing age. This is because it produces hemoglobin that carries oxygen in the blood from the lungs to other organs. 

What to include – Spinach, sweet potatoes, peas, broccoli, kale and chard.

  1. Vitamin D

Vitamin D is one of the most essential vitamins that should be included in nutritious snacks for elderly. This is because it helps in absorbing calcium and slows down the rate of bones losing the calcium, and becoming brittle with age. It also helps with cancer, osteoporosis, type 2 diabetes, and much more.

What to include – Eggs, Fish, cod liver oil, mushrooms. 

70-Year-Old Diet Plan

Following a proper diet chart becomes imperative with age. This is essential so that the elderly can provide their body with all vital nutrients. This diet chart for old grandparents would help them fill in their daily vitamin and mineral requirements.

  • Breakfast – Whole wheat bread with some peanut butter, 1 banana and a cup of milk or whole milk coffee.
  • Lunch – Fish, with 2 whole wheat chapatis, salad and lemon water. You can also have chicken or cottage cheese in place of fish. 
  • Dinner – Brown rice with some Dal, and curd. Some salad would also be great.
  • Snacks –  Fruits along with green tea. Banana chips would be a good option for munching.

7 Superfoods For Elderly

There are some foods which are great for the body, especially for the elderly. These can act as nutritious snacks for elderly, which can help them with a lot of diseases and ailments.

Some of them are – 

Chia Seeds – Rich in fiber; helps with diabetes

Cherries – Has antioxidant properties; reduces inflammation

Salmon – Great resource of Omega-3; lowers the risk of Alzheimer’s

Almonds – Great vision supplement’ helps to fight cataract progression

Spinach- Rich in Iron; protects eyes

Milk – Amazing source of calcium; must-have for the bones and teeth

Whole grains – Source of protein; manages heart diseases and blood pressure


Nutritious food is a must for all; however, the nutritional requirements alter with growing age. Therefore, following a diet chart for old grandparents becomes a must so that they can consume the best possible nutritious meals for elderly. This is purely because your nutritional requirements might be very different from theirs. Also, some foods can keep a lot of illnesses at bay, which becomes super imperative with growing age.