English 3 MIN READ 54 VIEWS May 25, 2024

Know About Postpartum Depression: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

Written By HealthKart
Medically Reviewed By Dr. Aarti Nehra

When you become a parent, it is considered one of the best feelings in the world. Your new journey filled with happiness and excitement starts. However, for many new mothers, the reality can be a bit different and challenging. 

Some mothers may suffer from a serious mental health condition known as postpartum depression. It is a feeling of tiredness, depression, and anxiety that a mother faces and it lasts for a long period of time which affects around 15% of mothers. If a woman is having postpartum depression or PPD in their first pregnancy, they are likely to have it in their second pregnancy as well. Let’s understand this condition in detail. 

Postpartum Depression Symptoms

Postpartum Depression is a very serious mental health condition that can range from mild to severe. Let’s unveil some of the postpartum depression symptoms which are as follows: 

  • Mood Swings: During the post-partum period (after childbirth), if a woman faces fluctuation in her mood or mood swings, it might be one of the postpartum depression symptoms. 
  • Persistent Anxiety and Depression: Continuous feelings of sadness, depression, and anxiety after childbirth may be signs of postpartum depression. 
  • Loss of Interest: If you feel that the things or activities you loved doing earlier, you don’t find them interesting after childbirth or losing interest in those things, you must consult your doctor. 
  • Changes in Sleep Schedule: If you find it difficult to sleep on time or you face trouble while sleeping, you must talk to your loved ones or doctor. 
  • Bad Thoughts: Sometimes, if you are on the verge of postpartum depression, you might get bad thoughts about harming yourself or your baby. This is a very serious situation and you must consult or talk to your doctor. 
  • The feeling of Worthlessness or Guilt: The feeling of guilt and shame might be a symptom of postpartum depression. 

Postpartum Depression Causes

There are quite a few postpartum depression causes which are as follows: 

  • Chemical Changes: The research shows that after delivery the level of chemicals like estrogen and progesterone drops sharply, which might be the cause of postpartum depression. 
  • History of Depression or Any Mental Condition: If someone from the family faced any mood disorder or any mental health condition in the past, it might be one of the postpartum depression cause. 
  • Lack of Emotional Support from Family or Friends: If a woman doesn’t get full care and support from her loved ones during and after pregnancy, it may cause her depression. 
  • Having a Baby with Health Problems: For a mother, her child is very important and if her child is suffering from any health problem or issue, it might affect her mentally and may increase the risk of postpartum depression. 

Postpartum Depression Treatments

Postpartum depression is a serious problem and if you know someone facing it or you are suffering from this condition then you must take a professional consultation. Let’s unveil some of the treatments available to treat postpartum depression:

  • Therapy: If a new mother is going through postpartum depression, then she can be treated with therapy. There are two therapies available – Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) that are effective in treating PPD.
  • Medication: Antidepressants may be prescribed to help balance brain chemicals during postpartum depression. Especially during breastfeeding, it is very important to discuss the risks and benefits with your healthcare provider. 
  • Support Groups: During postpartum depression, emotional comfort and sharing things about how you feel might help and comfort you. There are many support groups you can join that might help you cope with the condition.  
  • Self-care: Ensuring adequate rest, nutrition, and regular exercise might help in well-being. Taking help from friends and family can help her better in taking care.

Conclusion

During pregnancy, it is very important to take care of the pregnant woman and this care should continue even after childbirth. In our blog, we discussed postpartum depression, its symptoms, causes, and treatments. It is a very serious problem that a woman faces and it’s the responsibility of the family to take care of her. 

With proper support and treatment, women who suffer from postpartum depression can heal and enjoy their motherhood journey. It is also advisable that if you or someone you know faces this mental condition, do not take any actions on your own and always take advice from the doctor or healthcare professional. 

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