When it comes to skincare, collagen and retinol are the two go-to ingredients. Thanks to their unmatched results in skin improvement, experts revere retinol and collagen serum to be powerhouse skincare products. But skin concerns vary with skin type. So, what works for one might not show results for others. Read through for collagen serum vs retinol serum comparison to know the science behind their performance mechanism.
What is Collagen?
Collagen is the main structural protein found in the human body. It is most abundantly present, making up almost 35% of the body’s protein. It is found in tendons, ligaments, bones, cartilage, and all connective tissues of the body. It plays a crucial role in the structure and formation of the skin. Revered as the building block of the skin, collagen confers skin its natural elasticity with a plump and youthful look.
Collagen is naturally produced in the body. But levels begin to deplete with age and unhealthy lifestyle habits. Collagen supplements thus prove helpful as they help restore the dropping levels. As collagen prevents the skin from becoming loose, wrinkled, and aged, it is touted as an anti-ageing formula and is added to just about every skincare product.
Thus, over-the-counter collagen skincare products are in two forms – collagen serums and collagen peptides (the broken-down form of collagen). While collagen serums are the topical application cream and gels, collagen peptides are used for oral consumption.
Side Effects of Collagen
Not many side effects are linked to the use of collagen supplements. However, while topical application of collagen serum is risk-free, a few adverse reactions are associated with the use of collagen peptides. Excessive intake of oral collagen supplements increases the risk of heartburning, nausea, and stomach bloating.
What is Retinol?
Retinol is the purest form of Vitamin A. The compound can penetrate through the skin’s dermis layer and activate collagen production. It is thus touted as a potent anti-ageing supplement.
While the primary role of retinol is to stimulate collagen production, it is also helpful in reducing fine lines and wrinkles and alleviates hyperpigmentation, blackheads, and dark spots. Retinol with collagen serum thus improves skin elasticity and makes it appear even-toned and younger. Depending upon their strength, retinol is divided into different categories. The five types of retinol are:
- Retinol – It is best suited for normal skin and has mild to moderate strength.
- Retin-A – It has the maximum strength and is best suited for anti-ageing.
- Isotretinoin – It has the highest strength and is used to treat cystic acne. It is a prescription drug.
- Retinyl Palmitate – It has mild strength and is used for sensitive skin. It is the least-potent, over-the-counter retinol.
- Adapalene – It has moderate to high strength and is best suited for oily and acne-prone skin.
Side Effects of Retinol
The starting phase of retinol use is typically the ‘adjustment’ phase. As the skin adjusts to the new ingredient, one can experience a series of side effects. These include:
- Skin dryness
- Swollen skin
- Flaky skin
- Irritation and itching
- Burning sensations
- Acne breakouts
Collagen Serum vs Retinol Serum
Retinol and collagen contribute greatly to skincare. They are potent anti-ageing agents and help reverse the signs of premature ageing. While they are similar in many ways, they work differently to yield results. Let’s enlist the similarities and differences between retinol and collagen serum to make a clear comparison.
Retinol and Collagen Serum – Similarities
Retinol and collagen serum are similar on the following grounds:
- Retinol and collagen serum are used for topical application
- They are available in various forms
- They help improve skin quality and texture
- Both are touted as potent anti-acne products
Retinol vs Collagen Serum – How Do They Work?
Retinol molecules are small and penetrate easily into the dermis layer of the skin. There they stimulate the production of collagen, which in turn increases the rate of the skin cycle process i.e. the removal of dead cells and the reproduction of new cells. Thus, retinol works within the skin cells to yield results.
On the other hand, the collagen molecules are heavy and too big to penetrate the skin pores. They remain on the surface of the skin and hydrate, nourish, and improve its appearance. As it cannot pass the epidermis layer, the outermost layer of the skin, it cannot stimulate the regeneration of new skin cells. Collagen thus enhances the aesthetics of the skin.
Retinol and Collagen Serum – Which is Better?
Retinol and collagen serums restrict premature ageing. But their action and performance mechanisms differ. Thus, they are marketed differently. The choice will depend upon skin type and skin concern.
1. Anti-Ageing – If you are looking at anti-ageing properties, the benefits of topical application of retinol are far more promising. Unlike collagen molecules, the molecules of retinol serum penetrate deeper into the skin layers and trigger the process of anti-ageing. This results in visible improvement in wrinkles and fine lines.
2. Skin Type Suitability – Collagen does not have different concentrations. It is ‘one size fits all’. Collagen is suitable for almost all skin types with no major side effects. On the other hand, retinol comes in various concentrations. Thus, you have to be more careful during product selection.
3. Progressive Application – Unlike collagen serum, retinol requires a careful and progressive application. As the skin takes time to adjust to retinol compounds, its application is slow and progressive. Also, it is advisable to start with lower doses of retinol to avoid any unwanted side effects.
4. Daily Skincare Routine – Collagen serum can be applied daily. It can also be applied several times a day. However, this is not the case with retinol serum. To begin with, retinol application is recommended just once a week. Once the adjustment phase is over, its application is increased to 3-4 times a week depending upon age and skin concern.
5. Application Process – Collagen serum can be applied directly to clean and dry skin. But the application process of retinol serum is a little different. The retinol serum is mixed with another non-medicated cream or lotion. The ratio of retinol serum is kept low to minimise any adverse skin reactions like redness, dryness, or skin inflammation.
Retinol is the more powerful of the two products but it is not without side effects.
So, to ensure perfect skin care, addressing skin needs is important.
When to Consider Collagen Serum?
The application of collagen serum will prove more beneficial in the following cases:
- If you wish to reduce old acne marks.
- If you have a combination of oily and dry skin.
- If you suffer from hormonal acne.
- If you suffer from inflammatory skin conditions like rosacea, psoriasis, or eczema
- If your skin is not showing visible signs of ageing
- If you wish to add a nourishing serum into your daily skincare routine
- If you have acne-prone skin and want to keep a check on skin’s sebum production.
- If you are looking for derma fillers to fill up fine lines and wrinkles.
Tips to Use Collagen Serum
Collagen can form a part of the daily skincare routine. Apply it in the morning and before bedtime after cleansing and toning with a light moisturiser.
When to Consider Retinol Serum?
As it is evident from the above discussion that retinol is a stronger compound for skin care. Although its strong concentration will also yield better results, it also increases the risk of side effects.
Opt for a retinol serum in the following cases:
- If you are in your 50s and have mature skin.
- If you are looking for anti-ageing skincare products.
- If you want to reduce acne scars.
- If you have time to slowly introduce the retinol serum into your skincare routine.
- If you have oily and acne-prone skin but no recent acne breakouts.
- If you do not have sensitive skin.
Tips to Use Retinol Serum
Retinol serum must not be applied to the neck region and around the eyes. Also, do not apply to damp skin. For the safe application of retinol serum, follow the following tips:
- Start using retinol serum once a week at bedtime.
- Use low-concentration retinol and mix it with a light moisturiser.
- After 3-4 weeks of application, gradually move to an increased dose of retinol. Keep this increase progressive.
When it’s collagen serum vs retinol serum, pick the product best suited for your skin type and current need. While women in their late 20s and early 30s must prefer collagen serum, retinol serum is more beneficial for women with mature skin. While both retinol and collagen serum work well for acne-prone skin, the former is associated with greater side effects. A careful and progressive application is therefore recommended for retinol serum. On the other hand, collagen serum is largely safe and can easily form a part of the daily skincare routine.