Mumbai has terrible humidity, Bengaluru enjoys lovely evenings, and Delhi and Chennai have scorching summers. In terms of skincare, this means different regimens for people in different cities, which are then altered based on changing environments. Many people are suffering from moderate acne, eczema, hives, and even sun damage. Here is a list of best skincare advice for Indian skin.
Ways to Determine Your Skin Type
It is crucial to know your skin type if you want to have the best skincare routine. However, if you’re unsure about your skin type, here’s a quick way to find out:
- Normal Skin: This skin type has a healthy appearance. It’s not too oily or too dry. It is also not very sensitive and does not react to anything that is applied to it.
- Combination Skin: You have combination skin if your T-zone is oily and your cheeks and the rest of your face are dry.
- Sensitive Skin: You have sensitive skin if your skin reacts to any product and becomes irritated easily (particularly after sun exposure).
- Oily Skin: You may have oily skin if your T-zone as well as cheeks are oily and greasy. Oily skin has bigger pores and overactive sebaceous glands that produce a lot of oil. It is also prone to acne.
- Dry skin: Dry skin occurs when your skin feels tight and scratchy, often after washing. This skin type is patchy and irritating. It is also vulnerable to wrinkles and premature ageing.
Most Common Problems Faced by Indian Skin
The most prevalent skin issues for Indian skin tones are melasma, periorbital melanosis (under-eye circles), and perioral melanosis (pigmentation around the mouth). The most common factor to note here is that Indian skin in general is prone to pigmentation. There is, however, a distinction to be made between lightening or brightening skin and achieving a balanced skin tone.
Lightening skin typically refers to bleaching agents that temporarily lighten the colour of your skin. Bleaching your skin frequently can result in additional pigmentation in the long run. Instead of changing your skin tone, brightening ingredients such as Vitamin C, kakadu plum, or curcumin from turmeric can help balance out dark patches and pigmented regions of your skin to make it look its natural best.
Tips for Indian Skin
It is not enough to have good genes to have healthy and bright skin. Your regular skincare routine and lifestyle behaviours have a significant impact on the health and appearance of your skin. And developing a good skin care routine does not begin with purchasing the greatest products available. Understanding your skin, learning how to care for and protect it, and satisfying its needs are the first steps.
- Invest in an excellent antioxidant serum, such as one containing Vitamin C and E, to protect your skin from environmental damage, stimulate collagen formation, and reduce inflammation and redness. Always do an allergy test before incorporating a new skincare product into your routine.
- The humidity and heat can create a variety of concerns but the most common ones in India are acne, hyperpigmentation, and open pores. If you have acne, a homemade mask made of Multani Mitti, crushed neem leaves, grated turmeric, aloe vera, and lemon juice work wonders. Apply it to your face and keep it on for ten minutes before rinsing. It can also be used as a spot treatment, leaving it on overnight before rinsing it off.
- Apart from differences in melanin levels, Indian skin also differs in skin types. Using the right skincare products for your skin type will help keep your skin even-toned and healthy-looking. Sunscreen and physical sun protection agents are other important steps that are frequently overlooked in India.
- Folliculitis is one of the most frequent summer illnesses, affecting mostly males and to a lesser extent women. Infection or irritation of the hair follicles, the tiny pockets in the skin where each hair grows, causes this condition. It is caused by bacterial or fungal infections and, in the summer, by excessive perspiration.
- When it comes to tanning, the easiest way to deal with the problem is to avoid it altogether. A broad-spectrum sunscreen is required. Use yoghurt or milk on your skin to lighten it because they both contain lactic acid. Apply a cotton cloth soaked in milk or yoghurt to the affected area. Leave it for a few minutes before rinsing it off. Green tea includes EGCG (an antioxidant ingredient that helps reduce tanning pigmentation), therefore sprinkling green tea water on your body can also help you get rid of a tan.
- A healthy diet rich in vitamins and antioxidants can also aid in the treatment of many skin issues such as pigmentation. In addition, make exercise and meditation a part of your daily practice to focus your body and mind.
- Back acne, which affects both men and women during the summer, is caused by increased sweat and oil production. It might also happen if your garments are too tight. Honey has antimicrobial properties, and turmeric has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties. It works well as a mask and exfoliant when combined with a little besan. You can also use oats instead of besan, which is more skin-friendly.
- Sun exposure worsens hyperpigmentation of the skin, which appears as dark areas or spots across the face. At night, cleanse your face with cool milk. Milk contains lactic acid, which serves as a mild exfoliator. Curd, gooseberry juice, and tomato juice can also be used to produce a mask. Apply the mixture to your skin and let it sit for 15 minutes before washing it off. For optimal results, apply this mask on alternate days.
- Best skin routine in the morning by using a serum, especially an antioxidant serum such as Vitamin C, and at night, apply an AHA/BHA or Retinol serum (ideally, consult with a dermat before and avoid very high percentages of these exfoliating agents). Retinol should be used just once or twice a week. Treat your primary concerns and conduct research on AHAs/BHAs and the types of activities that are best suited to your skin type. In hot and humid areas, you absolutely need moisture, so invest in a hydrating serum.
- Perspiration causes the pores on the skin to enlarge in the heat. On the open pore areas, apply a paste made from drumstick leaves, gooseberry, carrot, and ginger. Before washing it off, let it on for a few minutes. The skin is tightened by the astringent effect.
- Before going to bed, clean your skin with a light cleanser. Look for cleansing solutions that contain gentle exfoliants to aid in the removal of blackheads. Cleansers containing salicylic, alpha-hydroxy, or lactic acid aid in the removal of dirt and oil, which helps to unclog pores.
In India, our skin is exposed to a variety of aggressors that can easily wreak havoc on its barrier. Environmental elements that affect your skin include UV exposure, pollution, humidity, and extreme heat and cold. Drying chemicals found in soaps and cosmetics, as well as the use of hard and soft water (depending on your location), can all have an impact on how your skin acts.
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