Sexual Health 4 MIN READ 224 VIEWS June 11, 2022

STD Prevention: All You Need to Know

Written By HealthKart

STD prevention
What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)
What are the Different Types of STDs
How can Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) be Prevented

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have reached an all-time high for the sixth consecutive year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). While many STDs are treatable or curable, failing to take the proper STD prevention steps can result in major health problems or can even prove fatal.

How can STDs be prevented? What are the preventive measures of STD? If you’re looking for answers to these questions, then you are at the right place. In this article, we will learn more about STDs and the different methods to prevent STDs.

What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are most commonly spread through sexual interaction. Bacteria, viruses, and parasites that cause sexually transmitted diseases can be passed from one person to another by blood, sperm, vaginal, and other body fluids.

Non-sexual transmission of these infections is possible, for example, from mothers to their infants during pregnancy or childbirth or by blood transfusions or shared needles.

STIs aren’t always accompanied by symptoms. It is also possible to get infected with sexually transmitted infections from individuals who seem to be in good condition and have no idea they’re infected.

Symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)

STDs can cause a variety of signs and symptoms, including none at all. Therefore, they may be undiscovered until any noticeable issues arise or a partner is diagnosed. If an STD that starts with a symptomatic STI, you may initially observe the following symptoms: 

  1. During sexual activity or urinating, you may experience pain or discomfort.
  2. Sores, bumps, or rashes on or near the vaginal opening, penis, testicles, anus, buttocks, thighs, or mouth
  3. Abnormal bleeding or discharge from the penis or vaginal area
  4. Pain or swelling in testicles
  5. Itching in or near the vaginal area.
  6. After sexual intercourse, you may get irregular periods or bleeding.

However, it is important to note that not all STIs cause symptoms. Symptoms might vary depending on whether or not an STI develops into STD. Some of these, such as discomfort during sexual activity, pain while urination, and irregular or painful periods, may be similar to the ones listed above. Other symptoms can vary greatly depending on the STD. They may include the following:

  1. Fever
  2. Recurring pain
  3. Fatigue
  4. Memory loss
  5. Changes to vision or hearing
  6. Nausea
  7. Weight loss
  8. Lumps or swellings

Always avoid intercourse with anyone who has genital sores, a rash, discharge, or other signs for STD prevention.

What are the Different Types of STDs?

There are numerous types of STDs (also known as sexually transmitted diseases or STIs), including:

  1. Chlamydia
  2. Gonorrhea
  3. Hepatitis
  4. Herpes
  6. Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  7. Syphilis
  8. Trichomoniasis
  9. Warts

How can Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) be Prevented?

Preventing STIs is one of the most effective methods to prevent STDs. And avoiding sexual intercourse is the only foolproof way to do so. There are, however, a number of different STD prevention methods that can be used to make sex safer and lower the risk of sexually transmitted disease.

  1. Abstain: The most effective preventive measures of STD is to abstain from any form of sexual intercourse.
  1. Stay with one uninfected partner: Staying in a long-term relationship when both partners have sex solely with one other and neither partner is infected is another effective approach to avoid STDs.
  1. Get tested before sexual contact: If you’re dating someone new, avoid vaginal and anal intercourse until you’ve both been tested for STDs. Oral intercourse is less dangerous, but avoid skin-to-skin contact between the oral and vaginal mucous membranes by using a latex condom or dental dam.
  1. Get vaccinated: Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is one of the most effective methods to prevent STDs. Vaccines are available to protect against human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis A, and hepatitis B.
  1. Use condoms correctly & consistently: Male latex condoms, when used correctly and consistently, are highly successful in decreasing STD transmission. If you’re allergic to latex, there are alternatives, however they may break more frequently than latex condoms.
  1. Practice mutual monogamy: This means you and your partner have agreed to only have sexual contact with one another. It is one of the safest methods to prevent STDs.
  1. Communicate with your partner: Before engaging in any sexual activity, talk to your partner about how to have safer sex.
  1. Have fewer sexual partners: Get tested together and exchange your results before having sex with a new partner. This will significantly help both partners in STD prevention.

If you are sexually active or considering becoming sexually active, speak with your primary care provider about STD prevention methods. You should also be tested before starting a new sexual relationship or if you suspect you may have an STD.


Although many STDs can be treated, not all of them can be cured. Some can be deadly, while others may not have such serious consequences. An STI, on the other hand, is the root of all of them. As a result, getting routinely tested and practising safer sex are the best STD prevention methods. Also, if you test positive for any STI, get medical attention immediately.

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